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Agencies

• Federal agency securities.

• Shorthand market terminology for any obligation issued by a government-sponsored entity (GSE), or a federally related institution. Obligations of GSEs are not guaranteed by the full faith and credit of the US government. There are eight GSEs, five of which are currently active in the new issue market.

• Federal agency securities. See also agency bank.

 
 Embedded terms in definition
 Active
Agency bank
Agency
Credit
Federal agency securities
Issue
Market
New issue
Securities
 
 Referenced Terms
 Agency bank: A form of organization commonly used by foreign banks to enter the U.S. market. An agency bank cannot accept deposits or extend loans in its own name; it acts as agent for the parent bank.A form of organization commonly used by foreign banks to enter the U.S. market. An agency bank cannot accept deposits or extend loans in its own name; it acts as an agent for the parent bank. Term often used on the Street to refer to both foreign bank Agencies and branches.

 Agency deals: Agency deals are when government sponsored Agencies (GSEs) securitize mortgages.

 Agency pass throughs: Mortgage pass-through securities whose principal and interest payments are guaranteed by government Agencies, such as the Government National Mortgage Association ( Ginnie Mae ), Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation ( Freddie Mac ) and Federal National Mortgage Association ( Fannie Mae ).

 Bond: Long-term debt instrument used by business and government to raise large sums of money, generally from a diverse group of lenders. In the case of business bond issuers, a specific asset or assets are pledged as collateral.A bond is essentially a loan made by an investor to a division of the government, a government agency, or a corporation. The bond is a promissory note to repay the loan in full at the end of a fixed time period. The date on which the principal must be repaid is the called the maturity date, or maturity. In addition, the issuer of the bond, that is, the agency or corporation receiving the loan proceeds and issuing the promissory note, agrees to make regular payments of interest at a rate initially stated on the bond. Interest from bonds is taxable based on the type of bond. Corporate bonds are fully taxable, municipal bonds issued by state or local government Agencies are free from federal income tax and usually free from taxes of the issuing jurisdiction, and Treasury bonds are subject to federal taxes but not state and local taxes. Bonds are rated according to many factors, including cost, degree of risk, and rate of income.A formal certificate of debt, issued by corporations or units of government.A legal obligation of an issuing company or government to repay the principal of a loan to bond investors at a specified future date. Bonds are usually issued with a Par or face value of $1,000, representing the amount of money borrowed. The issuer promises to pay a percentage of the par value as interest on the borrowed funds. The Interest payment is stated on the face of the bond at issue.Bonds are debt and are issued for a period of more than one year. The U.S. government, local governments, water districts, companies and many other types of institutions sell bonds. When an investor buys bonds, he or she is lending money. The seller of the bond agrees to repay the principal amount of the loan at a specified time. Interest-bearing bonds pay interest periodically.The term bond refers to long-term debt of companies or governments.

 Book entry: Is the process or the name given to securities whose ownership and transfer occurs on a computer system. For treasuries and Agencies this system is maintained by the Federal Reserve.

 
 Related Terms
 Canadian agencies
Federal credit agencies

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