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American depositary receipt

• Is an instrument which is issued in the United States but based on foreign securities. This security facilitates trading and investment because it is quoted in terms of the U.S. Dollar. This compares to the initial situation of the underlying shares quoted and traded in currencies other than the U. S. dollar.

• Abbreviated ADR or ADRS. Certificates issued by a U.S. depositary bank, representing foreign shares held by the bank, usually by a branch or correspondent in the country of issue. One ADR may represent a portion of a foreign share, one share or a bundle of shares of a foreign corporation. If the ADR's are sponsored, the corporation provides financial information and other assistance to the bank and may subsidize the administration of the ADRs. Unsponsored ADRs do not receive such assistance. ADRs carry the same currency, political and economic risks as the underlying foreign share; the prices of the two, adjusted for the SDR/ordinary ratio, are kept essentially identical by arbitrage. American depositary shares (ADSs) are a similar form of certification.

• Claims issued by U.S. banks representing ownership of shares of a foreign company's stock held on deposit by the U.S. bank in the foreign market and issued in dollars to U.S. investors.

• A negotiable certificate representing a given number of shares of stock in a foreign corporation; it is bought and sold in the American securities markets, just as stock is traded. ADRs are issued by a U.S. bank, consisting of a bundle of shares of a foreign corporation that are being held in custody overseas. ADRs can be sponsored, which means the corporation provides financial and other information to the bank, or unsponsored. While ADRs have the same currency and economic risks as the underlying foreign shares, they are much more convenient for U.S. shareholders to own since there are no problems in transferring securities from a foreign country or currency conversion.

 
 Embedded terms in definition
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Arbitrage
Branch
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Conversion
Corporation
Correspondent
Currency
Economic risk
Foreign market
Foreign
Held
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Market
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Securities
Security
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 Related Terms
 American option
American shares
American stock exchange
American style option
International depository receipt
North american free trade agreement nafta
Sponsored american depositor receipt adr
Trust receipt
Trust receipt inventory loan
Warehouse receipt
Warehouse receipt loan

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Beware of fraud originating in phone messages and faxes: FDIC Consumer News has warned before about crooks who call or e-mail consumers and pretend to be legitimate companies or government agencies wanting people to "verify" or "resubmit" (divulge) confidential information such as bank account or credit card numbers as well as Social Security numbers, passwords and personal identification numbers. Here are variations to know about. More...

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