• Pessimistic. Someone who is bearish may buy put options.
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| ||Arms index: Also known as a trading index (TRIN)= (number of advancing issues)/ (number of declining issues) (Total up volume )/ (total down volume). An advance/decline market indicator. Less than 1.0 indicates bullish demand, while above 1.0 is Bearish. The index often is smoothed with a simple moving average.|
| ||Bullish, bearish: Words used to describe investor attitudes. Bullish refers to an optimistic outlook while Bearish means a pessimistic outlook.|
| ||Confidence indicator: A measure of investors' faith in the economy and the securities market. A low or deteriorating level of confidence is considered by many technical analysts as a Bearish sign.|
| ||Diagonal spread: Is the purchase and sale of puts or calls for the same instrument but for different strike prices and different delivery dates. These strategies can be done for debits or credits. Also, they are bullish or Bearish depending on the relationship of the purchased to sold strike price. When the lower strike is purchased and the higher strike is sold then the strategy has a bullish configuration. When the lower strike is sold and the higher strike is purchased then the strategy has a bearish configuration.|
| ||Discriminant analysis: Is a mathematical approach which tries to differentiate between classes, categories or clusters or groups. It is mostly used for Credit Scoring or predicting bankruptcies. It partitions a sample into Yes or No groups, Positive and Negative, or Bullish and Bearish.A statistical process that links the probability of default to a specified set of financial ratios.|
| ||Related Terms|
| ||Bullish, bearish|
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