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Bridge bank

• Is an organization which is created to serve as a vehicle to transport damaged loans or securities from an ailing financial institution. Often these nonperforming securities are package into securities or portfolios, which may be, acquired by turn-around specialists or vulture funds at significantly discounted prices. This activity can help improve the creditworthiness of the impaired financial institution because loans or securities in default are no longer held by that institution. This frees up regulatory capital for other purposes and removes impediments for complying with various regulatory bodies and banking laws. It should be noted that from a banking, brokerage or insurance perspective, illiquid or defaulted loans and securities have substantially higher regulatory capital haircuts relative to most other liquid securities. See Special Purpose Vehicle.

 
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Financial institution
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Securities
Special purpose vehicle
Vulture funds
 
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