• The most common form of business organization, in which the total worth of the organization is divided into shares of stock, each share representing a unit of ownership. A corporation is ongoing and the owners face only limited liability.
• a business entity created by law. It has the powers under the law of an individual: it can sue and be sued, make and be party to contracts, acquire property and incur debts in its own name.
• A legal person that is separate and distinct from its owners. A corporation is allowed to own assets, incur liabilities, and sell securities, among other things.
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| ||Active business income: Income derived from the normal business activities of the Corporation.|
| ||Administrative pricing rules: IRS rules used to allocate income on export sales to a foreign sales Corporation.|
| ||Agency: Is a security issued by a government organization but not the treasury. These organizations include: the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (FHLMC or Freddie Mac), the Federal National Mortgage Association (FNMA or Fannie Mae), the Government National Mortgage Association (GNMA or Ginnie Mae).|
| ||Agency pass throughs: Mortgage pass-through securities whose principal and interest payments are guaranteed by government agencies, such as the Government National Mortgage Association ( Ginnie Mae ), Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation ( Freddie Mac ) and Federal National Mortgage Association ( Fannie Mae ).|
| ||American depositary receipt: Is an instrument which is issued in the United States but based on foreign securities. This security facilitates trading and investment because it is quoted in terms of the U.S. Dollar. This compares to the initial situation of the underlying shares quoted and traded in currencies other than the U. S. dollar.Abbreviated ADR or ADRS. Certificates issued by a U.S. depositary bank, representing foreign shares held by the bank, usually by a branch or correspondent in the country of issue. One ADR may represent a portion of a foreign share, one share or a bundle of shares of a foreign Corporation. If the ADR's are sponsored, the corporation provides financial information and other assistance to the bank and may subsidize the administration of the ADRs. Unsponsored ADRs do not receive such assistance. ADRs carry the same currency, political and economic risks as the underlying foreign share; the prices of the two, adjusted for the SDR/ordinary ratio, are kept essentially identical by arbitrage. American depositary shares (ADSs) are a similar form of certification.Claims issued by U.S. banks representing ownership of shares of a foreign company's stock held on deposit by the U.S. bank in the foreign market and issued in dollars to U.S. investors.A negotiable certificate representing a given number of shares of stock in a foreign Corporation; it is bought and sold in the American securities markets, just as stock is traded. ADRs are issued by a U.S. bank, consisting of a bundle of shares of a foreign corporation that are being held in custody overseas. ADRs can be sponsored, which means the corporation provides financial and other information to the bank, or unsponsored. While ADRs have the same currency and economic risks as the underlying foreign shares, they are much more convenient for U.S. shareholders to own since there are no problems in transferring securities from a foreign country or currency conversion.|
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